by Catrina Rorke
American Action Forum
August 06, 2014
Beyond its economic costs, the delay in building the Keystone XL pipeline imposes environmental and human costs as well. Because the United States must now rely on railroad to transport oil overland, the delay has the potential to cause up to 7.4 million additional tons of CO2 – the equivalent of 1.5 million cars on the road – to be released and 979,356 additional gallons of crude oil to be spilled. Furthermore, the increased danger of oil transport by rail may cause up to 159 additional deaths. The State Department analyzed a number of alternative rail scenarios and found that the Keystone XL pipeline excelled by comparison, reducing carbon emissions, oil spills, and risk of injuries and death.

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